2017-11-21 at 14:30
Passage d'innovation, IDV
About common factors in Ageing
The developed world is aging faster than ever before. Even in the absence of neurodegenerative disease, aging affects all kinds of human functions including perception and cognition. In most perceptual studies, one paradigm is tested and it is usually found that older participants perform worse than younger participants. Implicitly, these results are taken as evidence that there is one aging factor for each individual determining his/her overall performance levels. Here, we show that visual and cognitive functions age differently. We tested 131 older participants (mean age 70 years old) and 108 younger participants (mean age 22 years old) in 14 perceptual tests (including motion perception, contrast and orientation sensitivity, biological motion perception) and in 3 cognitive tasks (WCST, verbal fluency and digit span). Young participants performed better than older participants in almost all of the tests. However, within the older participants group, age did not predict performance, i.e., a participant could have good results in biological motion perception but poor results in orientation discrimination. This is also shown by a second study, where we tested 20 older participants (mean age 66 years old) and 17 younger (mean age 21 years old) in “subjective” tasks (illusions, ambiguous figures, music, free viewing), where we show that tasks do not correlate between them. It seems that there is not a single “aging” factor in vision but many.
Michael Herzog studied Mathematics (Diploma), Biology (PhD), and Philosophy (Master) in Erlangen, Tübingen, and MIT. After a post-doc at Caltech, he was a senior researcher at the University of Bremen. Since 2004, he is a professor for Psychophysics at the Brain Mind Institute at EPFL. Michael Herzog's research studies many of facets of vision including spatio-temporal vision, percepual learning, schizophrenia and ageing research.